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Kokerei Hansa 42 omdömen. Shopping Thier Gallery omdömen. Dortmunder U omdömen. Binarium 27 omdömen. Visa 1 upplevelse.
Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte 38 omdömen. Mahn- und Gedenkstätte Steinwache 40 omdömen.
Konserter och föreställningar Theater Olpketal 42 omdömen. Reinoldikirche 91 omdömen. Ostfriedhof Dortmund 8 omdömen. Spel och nöjen Solebad Wischlingen 27 omdömen.
Dortmund Theatre - Opera House 23 omdömen. Petri Ev. Stadtkirche 38 omdömen. Propsteikirche 17 omdömen. Marienkirche 6 omdömen.
Phönix West 5 omdömen. Schloss Bodelschwingh 9 omdömen. Visa mer. Privat och lyxig. Rundturer och sightseeing. On the morning of 31 March , it came to the sad culmination of this French-German confrontation.
Under Nazi Germany , the Old Synagogue , which had opened in , was destroyed in With a capacity of 1, seats, it was one of the largest Jewish houses of worship in Germany.
The Allied ground advance into Germany reached Dortmund in April The division, assisted by close air support, advanced through the ruins in urban combat and completed its capture on 13 April Post-war, most of the ancient buildings were not restored, and large parts of the city area were completely rebuilt in the style of the s.
A few historic buildings as the main churches Reinoldikirche and Marienkirche were restored or rebuilt, and extensive parks and gardens were laid out.
The simple but successful postwar rebuilding has resulted in a very mixed and unique cityscape. Dortmund was in the British zone of occupation of Germany, and became part of the new state Land of North Rhine-Westphalia in The LWL-Industriemuseum was founded in Dortmund  has since adapted, with its century-long steel and coal industries having been shifted to high-technology areas, including biomedical technology , micro systems technology , and services.
This has led Dortmund to become a regional centre for hi-tech industry. In started a new era for the discrict Hörde in Dortmund, years of industrial history ended with the beginning of the Phoenix See.
In the first cornerstone was laid on the Phoenix area. The work started with full speed to manage the work with over 2.
On 1 October , the largest and most highly anticipated milestone could be celebrated: the launch of the flooding of the Phoenix See.
Since 9 May , the fences disappeared and the Phoenix See has been completed. On 3 November , more than 20, people were evacuated after a 4,pound bomb from World War II was found.
German authorities safely defused the bomb. The bomb was found after analysing old aerial photographs while searching for unexploded bombs dropped by Allied aircraft over Germany's industrial Ruhr region.
Dortmund is an independent city located in the east of the Ruhr area, one of the largest urban areas in Europe see also: megalopolis , comprising eleven independent cities and four districts with some 5.
Moreover, Dortmund is part of Westphalian Lowland and adjoins with the Ardey Hills in the south of the city to the Sauerland. The Klusenberg , a hill that is part of the Ardey range, is located just north of the Hengsteysee and the highest point of Dortmund There is also a pumped-storage plant on this reservoir, named Koepchenwerk.
The lowest point can be found in the northern borough of Brechten at The Emscher is a small river and has its wellspring in Holzwickede , east of the city of Dortmund, and flows west through Dortmund.
Dortmund comprises 62 neighbourhoods which in turn are grouped into twelve boroughs called Stadtbezirke , often named after the most important neighbourhood.
Each Stadtbezirk is assigned a Roman numeral and has a local governing body of nineteen members with limited authority.
Most of the boroughs were originally independent municipalities but were gradually annexed from to This long-lasting process of annexation has led to a strong identification of the population with "their" boroughs or districts and to a rare peculiarity: The borough of Hörde, located in the south of Dortmund and independent until , has its own coat of arms.
The centre can be subdivided into historically evolved city districts whose borders are not always strictly defined, such as. Dortmund is situated in the temperate climate zone with oceanic climate Köppen : Cfb.
Winters are cool; summers are warm. Precipitation evenly falls throughout the year; steady rain with some snow , prevails in the wintertime, isolated showers dominate the summer season.
Dortmund features characteristics of densely populated areas as for example the occurrence of urban heat islands is typical.
Dortmund's population grew rapidly in the time of the 19th century industrialisation when coal mining and steel processing in the city began.
During the 19th century the area around Dortmund called Ruhr attracted up to , ethnic Poles , Masurians and Silesians from East Prussia and Silesia in a migration known as Ostflucht flight from the east.
Most of the new inhabitants came from Eastern Europe, but immigrants also came from France , Ireland , and the United Kingdom.
Almost all their descendants today speak German as a mother tongue, and for various reasons they do not identify with their Polish roots and traditions, often only their Polish family names remaining as a sign of their past.
Not taking the fluctuation of war years into account, the population figures rose constantly to , in As a result of the city's post-industrial decline, the population fell to just under , in Today with a population of It is also the largest city in the Ruhr agglomeration.
Contrary to earlier projections, population figures have been on the rise in recent years due to net migration gains.
Dortmund has seen a moderate influx of younger people 18 to 25 years of age mainly because of its universities.
Consequently, respective figures have been corrected, which resulted in a statistical "loss" of 9, inhabitants in Dortmund.
As of [update] the largest Christian denominations were Protestantism The Church of the Holy Apostles gre.
The Jewish community has a history dating back to Medieval times and has always ranked among the largest in Westphalia.
The synagogues operate there in City center, Hörde and Dorstfeld. Due to the growing immigration of people from Muslim countries beginning in the s.
Dortmund has a large Muslim community with more than 30 Mosques. Dortmund is one of nineteen independent district-free cities kreisfreie Städte in North Rhine-Westphalia , which means that it does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity, in this case it is not part of a Landkreis.
Since , Dortmund is divided into twelve administrative districts. Each district Bezirk has its own elected district council Bezirksvertretung and its own district mayor Bezirksbürgermeister.
The district councils are advisory only. Dortmund is often called the Herzkammer der SPD roughly translated as "heartland of the Social democrats" , which is the politically dominant party in the city.
During the Nazi era — , mayors were installed by the Nazi Party. After World War II, the military government of the British occupation zone installed a new mayor and a municipal constitution modeled on that of British cities.
Since the end of the war, the SPD has held a relative majority in the town council - except from to Since the local election, there have been 8 parties and electors' groups in the town council 86 seats; 96 seats : Ullrich Sierau SPD has been the mayor of Dortmund since May He has had to work with changing majorities in the local council.
The last municipal election was held on 25 May The SPD reached Dortmund is twinned with: . Dortmund's city centre offers a picture full of contrasts.
Historic buildings like Altes Stadthaus or the Krügerpassage rub shoulders with post-war architecture like Gesundheitshaus and concrete constructions with Romanesque churches like the Reinoldikirche and the Marienkirche.
The reconstruction of the city followed the style of the s, while respecting the old layout and naming of the streets. The downtown of Dortmund still retains the outline of the medieval city.
Thus, the city today is characterized by simple and modest post-war buildings, with a few interspersed pre-war buildings which were reconstructed due to their historical importance.
Some buildings of the "Wiederaufbauzeit" era of reconstruction , for example the opera house are nowadays regarded as classics of modern architecture.
Unlike the Dortmund city centre, much of the inner districts around the old medieval centre escaped damage in the second world war and post war redevelopment.
The Kreuzviertel is characterised by old buildings, the majority of which come from the turn of the 20th century to In the second World War , relatively few buildings were destroyed in comparison to other areas of the city.
Today, Kreuzviertel forms a nearly homogeneous historic building area. Moreover, local efforts to beautify and invigorate the neighbourhood have reinforced a budding sense of community and artistic expression.
The West park is the green lung of the Kreuzviertel and in the months between May and October a centre of the student urban life.
The district has the highest real estate prices in Dortmund. The northern downtown part of Dortmund called Nordstadt, situated in a territory of As the largest homogeneous old building area in Ruhr the Nordstadt is a melting pot of different people of different countries and habits just a few steps from the city center.
The Nordstadt is an industrial urban area that was mainly developed in the 19th Century to serve the Westfalenhütte steelworks, port and rail freight depot.
All of the residents live in a densely populated hectare area the most densely populated residential area in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia with steelworks, port and railway lines acting as physical barriers cutting off the area from the city centre and other residential districts.
The area has been badly affected by the deindustrialisation of these heavy industries, with the target area developing a role as the home for growing numbers of immigrants and socially disadvantaged groups partly because of the availability of cheaper although poor quality accommodation.
There is also much equipment for children to spend their free time. For example, the 35 meters high Big Tipi, which was brought in from the Expo in Hanover.
All of that should attract families to settle in, but low prices of apartments and a variety of renting offers speak for the contrary.
This developed into the youngest population of Dortmund is living and created a district with art house cinemas to ethnic stores, from exotic restaurants to student pubs.
The Borsigplatz is probably one of the best known squares in the Nordstadt. Ballspielverein Borussia Dortmund was founded nearby, north-east of the main railway station.
The streets radiating outward to form a star shape, the sycamore in the middle of the square and the tramline running diagonally across the square give Borsigplatz its very own flair.
In this district numerous magnificent buildings from the s and new buildings from the s are located next to the heritage-protected State Mining Office Dortmund, several Courts, Consulate and the East Cemetery.
The district is characterize by the employee of the Amtsgericht, Landgericht the first and second instances of ordinary jurisdiction and the Prison.
The Moltkestreet also known as the Cherry Blossom Avenue, became famous after photographers started posting pictures of blooming trees.
The Union District is located west of the former ramparts of Dortmund and follows the course of the Westenhellweg.
Today it is developing an inspiring young artist scene, with more and more students thanks to cheaper apartments near the university and a vibrant gastronomy.
This development benefits strongly from the new, widely visible beacon, the art and creative centre Dortmunder U, opened in Yet, for a time, it was mainly the Union Gewerbehof activists and other single stakeholders who initiated change.
Hörde is borough in the south of the city of Dortmund. Originally Hörde was a separate town until and was founded by the Counts of Mark in opposition to their principal enemy, the town of Dortmund.
Today Hörde is a part of Dortmund with restored old buildings combined with modern architecture. The Hörder Burg Hörde castle was built in the 12th century and is located in the east of the town, close to the Emscher and Lake Phoenix.
Lake Phoenix was one of the largest urban redevelopment projects in Europe. On the area of the former blast furnace and steel plant site of ThyssenKrupp newly formed and developed a new urban resident and recreational area 3 kilometers 2 miles from the city centre of Dortmund.
The water surface area of 24 acres is larger than the Hamburg Alster. Lake Phoenix is a shallow water lake with a depth of 3 to 4 meters and a capacity of around , cubic meters.
Attractive high priced residential areas were thus created on the southern and northern sides of the Lake. On the western lakeside, the existing district centre of Hörde is enlarged by a city port and a mixed functional urban area.
The finished sole is primarily fed by groundwater and unpolluted rainwater from the new building sites.
Together with the renatured Emscher, the Lake forms a water landscape of 33 hectares, which, as a linking area, is an important element of the Emscher landscape park.
The renaturation of the Emscher River is managed by the public water board Emschergenossenschaft. The financial frame is 4. The trail links tourist attractions related to the industrial heritage in the whole Ruhr area in Germany.
Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte. Other tall buildings are the churches around the city centre.
A selection of the tallest office buildings in Dortmund is listed below. Dortmund also serves as a major European and German crossroads for the Autobahnsystem.
The Ruhrschnellweg follows old Hanseatic trade routes to connect the city with the other metropolises of the Ruhr Area. According to Der Spiegel , it is the most congested motorway in Germany.
Connections to more distant parts of Germany are maintained by Autobahn routes A1 and A2 , which traverse the north and east city limits and meet at the Kamener Kreuz interchange north-east of Dortmund.
Cycling in Dortmund is supported by urban planners - an extensive network of cycle paths exists which had its beginnings in the s. As with most communes in the Ruhr area, local transport is carried out by a local, publicly owned company for transport within the city, the DB Regio subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn for regional transport and Deutsche Bahn itself for long-distance journeys.
The local carrier, Dortmunder Stadtwerke DSW21 , is a member of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr VRR association of public transport companies in the Ruhr area, which provides a uniform fare structure in the whole region.
The central train station Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is the third largest long distance traffic junction in Germany.
For public transportation, the city has an extensive Stadtbahn and bus system. The Stadtbahn has eight lines U41 to U49 serving Dortmund and the large suburb of Lünen in the north.
The trains that run on the line are in fact lightrails as many lines travel along a track in the middle of the street instead of underground further from the city centre.
The minimum service interval is 2. In April , the newly constructed east—west underground light rail line was opened, completing the underground service in the city centre and replacing the last trams on the surface.
A number of bus lines complete the Dortmund public transport system. Night buses replace Stadtbahn services between am and am on weekends and public holidays.
The central junction for the night bus service is Reinoldikirche in the city centre, where all night bus lines start and end.
The H-Bahn at Dortmund University of Technology is a hanging monorail built specifically to shuttle passengers between the university's two campuses,  which are now also flanked by research laboratories and other high-tech corporations and startups.
A nearly identical monorail system transfers passengers at Düsseldorf Airport. In , the airport served 2,, passengers  mainly used for low-cost and leisure charter flights.
The closest intercontinental airport is Düsseldorf Airport. Dortmund Harbour Hafen is the largest canal harbour in Europe and the 11th fluvial harbour in Germany.
ICE 3 on the Dortmund Hauptbahnhof. Stadtbahnwagen B Light Rail Vehicle. Flexity Classic tram. Hörde Bahnhof — second biggest in Dortmund.
Dortmund Airport — Main Terminal T2. Dortmund has adapted since the collapse of its century long steel, coal and beer industries.
The region has shifted to high technology, robotics , biomedical technology , micro systems technology , engineering, tourism, finance, education, services and is thus one of the most dynamic new-economy cities in Germany.
In , Dortmund was classified as a Node city in the Innovation Cities Index published by 2thinknow.
Dortmund is also home to a number of medium-sized information technology companies,  many linked to the local university TU Dortmund at the first technology center in Germany named "Technologiepark Dortmund" opened in the s.
With around companies like Boehringer Ingelheim and Verizon Communications and more than 8, employees, TechnologiePark Dortmund is one of the most successful technology parks in Europe.
Dortmund ligger vid Dortmund-Ems-kanalen och är ett viktigt transport- och industricenter med Europas största kanalhamn. Staden fick marknadsrätt och bryggerirätt Staden har i dag fortfarande en betydande järn- och maskinindustri samt DAB-bryggeriet.
Nya monumentalbyggnader har tillkommit, till exempel utsiktstornet Floriantornet med världens första roterande restaurang , teatern Opernhaus , och Westfalenhalle , som är en av de största anläggningarna i sitt slag i Europa för kongresser, utställningar och sportevenemang.
I omgivningarna finns flera slott, bland annat Haus Bodelschwingh och Haus Rodenberg.